로고

Oldest Hangeul metal movable types excavated in Seoul

By Doo Dong-ho | 기사입력 2021/08/04 [09:03]

Oldest Hangeul metal movable types excavated in Seoul

By Doo Dong-ho | 입력 : 2021/08/04 [09:03]

▲ 1,600 pieces of Metal Movable Type from the early Joseon dynasty discovered at central Seoul not far from Gyeongbok Palace.


According to the report of the Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea on June 29th, various relics from the early Joseon dynasty were found underground at the urban development zone in Gongpyeong District near Tapgol Park in Seoul. Among the newly unearthed relics are reportedly the metal types, about 1,000 pieces of Chinese characters and 600 pieces of Korean characters. They are believed to be manufactured from the 15th to 16th century and were contained in earthenware jars with copper products. All of the types are presumed to have been made more than ten years before the creation of Gutenberg’s movable types.

 

What is most noteworthy is that these types followed the Dongguk Jeongun notation. “The Dongguk Jeongun (Standard Rhymes of the Eastern States) is a Korean dictionary of rhymes which sets out a standard practice for pronouncing Chinese characters in Korean. It was compiled between 1446 and 1448 under the instructions of King Sejong the Great, and serves as a companion volume to Hunminjeongeum.” This notation was temporarily used in the early period of Hangeul. 

 

In addition, about 10 logotypes of typical Hangeul characters such as ㅱ, ㅸ, ㆆ, and ㆅ, which were used in between Chinese characters in the early Hangeul period, have been excavated for the first time. These Hangeul metal movable types are the oldest movable types ever discovered so far.

 

Other relics such as Jujeon (an hour hand) from Mulsigye (a water clock), Ilseongjeongsiui (an astronomical clock), Chongtongs (a canon barrel), and Dongjong (a copper bell) of the early Joseon Dynasty, were found along with the metal types.

 

Lee Jaejeong, curator at the National Museum of Korea said, “It seems that all the relics were buried together from 1588 and have not been used again, and therefore all the relics unearthed are very important resources in understanding the typography and technological advancement in the early Joseon dynasty.”

 

64th Edition of Weeklymonday (August 2, 2021) 

  • 도배방지 이미지

Photo News
이동
메인사진
62nd Word Search of Weeklymonday
  • 썸네일
  • 썸네일
  • 썸네일
광고
광고
광고